Cognitive Science of Teaching and Learning- Units 4 and 5

It is halfway through this module already and I am learning quite a bit about the cognitive aspect of teaching and learning. It is very informative and interesting. The book we are reading for this class is by David Perkins and it is called Making Learning Whole : How Seven Principles of Teaching Can Transform Education.

In unit 4, I read chapter 2, Make the Game Worth Playing. I have learned that people are interested in learning something not only because it seems easy or practical, but also because it has to do with intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is very important because it is a feeling that comes from within without any outer or extrinsic incentives like grades or money. I have learned that extrinsic motivation turned out to be negatively related to achievement and on the other end intrinsic motivation predicts greater achievement and positivism. As children, many of us were extrinsically motivated- we would do things to get candy, ice cream or just because we knew it would make our parents and teachers happy. Growing older and wiser, we come to the realization that intrinsic motivation leads to happiness and success and that is what truly educates us.

In a class of pre kindergartners, you can see the extrinsic motivation. Some children would get in line, sit on the rug or listen attentively to a book because of the rewards to be given. They would do these things because they know if they do they will receive a sticker, get to be the line leader, or have some extra juice at snack. At this young age, we can not expect to have the children be intrinsically motivated by nature. It is up to parents and teachers to show the children that happiness and success come from within and that we should do things not only for the reward but because it is benefiting us in certain ways, shapes, and forms.

To make the game worth playing, the game being education and the experiences that lead to learning and understanding, teachers have to show children and students why we need to learn what we are learning. As teachers, we also need to show students that learning is essential and fundamental. We must find ways to grab the students’ attention and keep them motivated. It is very different doing so with pre kindergartners than with college students. Like I have stated, with my age group, 4 and 5 year olds, there is a lot of extrinsic motivators but in time we have to turn it over and teach that the rewards that come from within last longer than any candy or sticker. Time is what it will take for a child to comprehend but we must never give up and show them that the game is worth playing.

To do so we have to learn what it is that is really worth learning. Sometimes we have to sort through and pick what is worth learning. One great thing is to make the most out of beginnings. When we are first starting out something, it can be difficult, intimidating and the progress can be slower than expected. We can never give up and make the most out of beginning new projects and things of that nature. When we understand something finally, we must also make the most of it. We must value it to stay intrinsically motivated. Expectations and choices, we all have them. Let us make them shine and take what we can out of them. Choices have so much to do with what we learn and how we learn it. In order to make learning whole and get the most out of the game of learning, we have to embrace the challenges and let out imagination grow. I wonder…there are wonders of learning and to really see how to make the game worth playing check out page 77 of the above mentioned book. It is a good reference for teachers. Let us wonder.

We also have to remember to work on the hard parts because without them there would not be challenge and without challenge there would be no learning. This starts from pre kindergarten and works itself all the way through life.

Good luck and happy teaching. As I always say, I am a lifelong learner and I love to learn everyday. When I teach, I learn. It is the circle of life.

Some sites with good information:

http://www.academia.edu1323999The_Difference_Between_Extrinsic_and_Intrinsic_Motivation

http://www.ted.com/talks/dan_pink_on_motivation.html – great video here

http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/inmotiv.htm – hmm…they are saying intrinsic motivation does not exist….. i do not agree.

 

 

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Cognitive Science of Teaching and Learning

This is my second module in my Masters program. This time around I am taking EDU510 and EDU515. I am learning a lot of interesting information that is proving to be valuable towards the future of education.


brain-power_620x349We are now coming to the end of Unit 3. Here is some of what I am learning and doing so far in my cognitive science class. Some were funny, boring, serious- whatever the case may be. The fact is that teachers have their own style when it comes to teaching and conducting a class. When we think about it and study cognitive science, seeing that we are different types of learners as well. Some of us are visual learners, some auditory learners and so on. One thing I have learned is that it is important to acknowledge the fact that we, as teachers teach differently compared to one another but we also must keep in my that our students learn differently compared to one another. In an effort to make our students comfortable and successful, we should be flexible and suit their needs. Our teaching style should accomodate that of the learning style of the sudents. Afterall, teachers are the ones who should facilitate the learning experience to achieve goals that are set. This should happen from pre kindergarten and beyond. There should be understanding that our brains are wired and even though we may think differntly from one another, we can still acieve the same “answer” or final product
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In the pre kindergarten classroom, it is clear to see the many different ways that children respond to certain stimuli and react. Although, we use domains and set benchmarks for a particular age group, all children “hit” them when they are cognitively ready. Some are more visual- taking direct clues, reading body language, charts, graphics etc. while others are more auditory- listening and sensing. In order to begin to understand the concepts of basic math, some children would rather color, cut and paste while others build with counting blocks and there are others who rather watch a teacher draw it on a smart board. The point is that from a very young age, we have a preferred way of absorbing information that satisfies us and although we may not fully understand it when we are in elementary or high school, we can learn to respect and appreciate differences.

Adults and children learn differently from one another.It all has to do with the maturity of our brains- rationality, critical thinking skills grow and expand as we do.

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Here are some interesting reads:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090324131554.htm
http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2013/laura-schulz-profile-0214.html
http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/pdf/Child_Brain.pdf
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I have come to the conclusion that if a child is not learning material the way that I am teaching, I have to stop and think- what can I change about my technique that will create the child to understand the presenting concepts I am placing before him…..We can not and should not expect a child to just learn the way we teach, we have to show them we can teach in the way that they learn. (DL)

A nice video to watch